The Naming of the 36th (Ulster) Division.

Wednesday, 28 October, 1914 - Monday, 2 November, 1914
King George V review 36th (Ulster) Division Aldershot 30 September 1915
HM King George V reviews the 36th (Ulster) Division at Aldershot, 30 September 1915.

The Ulster Division was formed in September 1914 from 'battalions' of the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF).

The Ulster Volunteers were raised by Sir Edward Carson in 1912 from primarily Protestant supporters of the Union between Great Britain and Ireland. This was a direct challenge to the passing of legislation by the British Government that would give Home Rule to Ireland. An armed and drilled paramilitary force, the Ulster Volunteers were prepared to oppose, by force of arms, the imposition of Home Rule in the nine counties of Ulster. In response, Irish nationalists raised and armed their own Irish Volunteers.

At the outbreak of The Great War in August 1914, the Liberal Government passed legislation suspending Home Rule for the duration of the War. Prime Minister Asquith appointed Lord Kitchener Secretary of State for War (his predecessor, Seely, had resigned over the Curragh Incident in which several Army officers had threatened to resign rather than impose Home Rule on Ulster) and he immediately set about raising the huge army that would be required to fight a continental war with Germany. Raising and training this vast army would require time, but Kitchener immediately recognised that there were already two formations of trained men in Ireland.

On 7 August, three days after war was declared Kitchener stated 'I want the Ulster Volunteers.' and on 3 September Carson appealed to the Ulster Volunteers to move their loyalty and service to the Ulster Division. They were to form the Infantry battalions and some specialist supporting units of one of Kitchener's New Army divisions.

On 28 October 1914, the new formation was given its designation and title and became the 36th (Ulster) Division. On 2 November 1914, its infantry brigades were numbered 107, 108 and 109 (Ulster) Brigades.